Concord Vermont - Town History
Concord, Vermont - Town History
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A Few Characteristics
Concord is located at 71º 53' longitude and 44º 26' latitude, is the southern most town in Essex County. Concord is bordered by Waterford, Kirby, Victory, Lunenburg, and on the southeast by the Connecticut River and New Hampshire. The population is 1,143 (U.S. Census of Population & Housing Estimates 1995). There are 456 year round and 213 seasonal housing units. Concord encompasses 33,600 acres and lies at an altitude of 860 feet.
Concord was chartered on September 15, 1780 to Dr. Reuben Jones from Rockingham, Vermont and a group of associates, several of whom were named Willard. Dr. Jones served as a representative to the Vermont Legislature. In 1784 the first meeting of the proprietors was held at the inn of Jehial Webb in Rockingham to make plans to view and lay out the town which contained about 47 square miles. In 1856 the area now known as North Concord was annexed to Concord. This area's original charter in 1791 was for Pearsalls Gore, which in turn was incorporated as Bradleyvale in 1803.
The early settlers came from southern Vermont, New Hampshire and the Royalston and Westboro regions of Massachusetts. The first settler in Concord was Joseph Ball in 1788 who settled on the Connecticut River meadows. The Ball family produced the first child born in Concord in 1789. Joseph Ball built the first gristmill around 1794 on Hall's Brook. In 1789, Daniel Gregory built the first frame house in the triangle formed by the Connecticut River, Hall's and Mink Brooks. The population of the area increased rapidly. In 1790 there were 12 heads of family and in 1800 there were 52. The first town meeting was at Joseph Morse's house on October 5, 1794. During the boom years of agriculture and lumbering, the Town of Concord grew to 1600 people in 1880 and has since lost population almost every decade.
Around 1796 a new settlement grew on the hill above the meadows which became the business center with stores, blacksmith, tavern, school, lawyer, physician, hotel and church. This village is now known as Concord Corners. The Rev. Samuel Read Hall built the first normal school for the training of teachers in the United States here in 1823. As the population increased the settlers spread out to other areas of the town.
In 1838 John D. Chase established the Village of West Concord (now known as Concord). Chase invented the first iron and steel circular saw as well as the Chase water wheel that was first introduced by J. D. Chase & Sons in 1855. In the early 1840s there was a dam and sawmill at the east end of the Village of West Concord and a large gristmill on the opposite bank of the Moose River. This area became the dominant business district of Concord.
Due to the railroad and the efforts of Charles Hall, who cleared 75 acres for a new Village, North Concord became the center of the growing lumber interests in Essex County.
Miles Pond and East Concord Villages also grew because of the railroad and lumber industries.
The early settlers had trouble with bears. One bear, caught in a large trap, was being exhibited to the curious. The bear shook himself loose and went after a child. The child's mother, Rebecca Morse, hit the bear on the head with the trap and killed him.
What's in a name
Concord most likely was named for historic Concord, Massachusetts. The first settlers gathered in the area now known as Concord Corners to select a name in 1781. They argued all one night, each insisting on their own choice. The next day they met again with a better attitude and decided on Concord.
The northern part of Concord annexed to the town in 1856 was once called Bradleyvale. The area was originally part of Avery's Gore, changed to the name Bradleyvale in 1803, for U.S. Senator Stephen Row Bradley who was instrumental in providing the U.S. Senate with historical data that led to Vermont being an independent republic. Local people still refer to the region as the "vale".
Another place in the town is Ralston Corner, named after an area close to Concord, Massachusetts. Joslin Turn and Whites Corner are two other places in Concord. They were named for early settlers. There is also an area called Texas. The story goes that a local lad, caught up in the westward migration frenzy, vowed he was leaving and would never again have to use a side-hill plow. Instead, he settled and farmed near Concord Corners on his ancestral ridges and his neighbors twitted him by calling the area Texas.
Shadow Lake, near Concord Corners, was originally named Hall's Pond. In the 20th Century the pond became a popular camping area and the residents wanted a more glamorous name. The pond was renamed Shadow Lake, because of the dark appearance of the water. The Abenaki called it Pekdabowk or Smoke Pond.
"In the Town of Concord there are five post offices, five churches, three railroad stations, twenty-six manufacturers, mechanics and artisans, fourteen merchants, two physicians, two lawyers, eight secret societies, one not secret and a public library of eight hundred volumes." (Holiday Herald, 1901).
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